Question by K.: What type of Climate Dominates Russia and the Republics?
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Answer by Stacey Riley
Well Russia is the world’s largest country as it covers 11 time zones and all climate zones except tropical with land that stretches almost halfway around the planet.
The enormous size of the country and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the continental climate, which is prevalent in European and Asian Russia except for the tundra and the extreme southeast.
– The Republic together with the most populous areas of the country in European Russia, in the south of West Siberia and in the south of the Russian Far East, including the cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg, experience a humid continental climate.
– Most of Northern European Russia and Siberia between the Scandinavian Peninsula and the Pacific Ocean has a subarctic climate, with extremely severe winters in the inner regions of Northeast Siberia (mostly Sakha Republic), and more moderate elsewhere.
-The strip of land along the shore of the Arctic Ocean, as well as the Arctic islands, have a polar climate.
– A small portion of the Black Sea coast, most notably in Sochi, possesses a humid subtropical climate with unusually wet winters.
– Winter is dry compared to summer in many regions of East Siberia and the Far East while other parts of the country experience more even precipitation across seasons. Winter precipitation in most parts of the country usually falls as snow.
– The region along the Lower Volga and Caspian Sea coast, as well as some areas of southernmost Siberia, possess a semi-arid climate.
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